Solar Inverters: What Are They and How Do They Function?

Converting to solar power is an exciting process that might seem overwhelming at first. One of the most important decisions you’ll make comes down to the solar inverter, which is the component that converts DC (direct current) energy into usable AC (alternating current).

Most of your appliances run on AC, not to mention the power grid as well. Below, Geneverse takes a deep dive into the solar inverter’s critical role when it comes to your energy storage system.

From DC to AC

When sunlight creates an electric current, your solar panels will generate DC electricity, which comes about as a result of your system’s photovoltaic effect. Your inverter has the important job of converting DC power into AC power.

Inverters also play a role in optimizing energy output, which is accomplished by tracking the MPPT (maximum power point) of your solar panels. Your inverter makes sure your solar energy system operates a maximum efficiency, even when there are changes to temperature and sunlight intensity.

When it comes to grid-tied systems, inverters also synchronize solar-generated electricity with the grid. The inverter manages power flow and allows any excess electricity to be fed back into the grid. Inverters also draw power during times of the day when solar production tends to be low.

Types of Inverters

With all the different types of inverters available, it’s important to choose the best option for your situation. Types of inverters include:

  • String inverters
  • Microinverters
  • Power optimizers
  • Hybrid (battery) inverters
  • Grid-tied inverters (with backup battery)

String Inverters

Commonly utilized in both residential and commercial power systems, string inverters feature multiple solar panels that are “strung” together and connected to one inverter. These inverters are cost-effective, however, there can be losses in efficiency if one or multiple panels are underperforming.


Unlike string inverters, microinverters are only attached to an individual solar panel. Each panel will have its own microinverter, which will optimize the output of each panel. Microinverters are particularly beneficial in situations where your solar panels have different levels of shade throughout the day.

Power Optimizers

Power optimizers are also paired with panels individually – but they do not convert DC to AC at the panel itself. Instead, DC power is optimized before it gets sent to a centralized inverter. Power optimizers reduce losses that might occur from panel mismatch or unwanted shading. 

Grid-tied Inverters

Grid-tied inverters convert DC power into AC power. Grid-tied inverters match grid frequency and voltage, which allows excess electricity to be fed back into the grid. This energy can also be used locally.

Hybrid Inverters

Hybrid inverters are extremely versatile and work with solar panels as well as battery storage systems. Hybrid inverters effectively manage energy flow from both panels and the battery. This allows for energy storage and usage, even when there is no sunlight.

The PowerPillar ESS Hybrid Inverter

The Geneverse PowerPillar ESS hybrid inverter acts as the central hub of our PowerPillar system. You can seamlessly and automatically divert power between on-grid or solar inputs into battery storage.

Our PowerPillar ESS requires fewer components and is more easily installed than competing systems, helping our system take its rightful place as the most cost-efficient energy storage system on the market. Our all-in-one design empowers you to harness the benefits of solar energy storage with ease. Here at Geneverse, we provide products and solutions that help our customers own their power for good.

About Geneverse: Geneverse is the most reliable and cost-efficient source for solar energy. Our PowerPillar ESS integrates solar power, battery storage, not to mention grid and generator power sources that help our customers get the most out of their energy storage investment – all at the most competitive pricing on the market. We craft complete home energy systems that power energy independence rain or shine in addition to portable solar products that provide decentralized power during emergencies and unforeseen circumstances. Learn more about Geneverse and how we can bring protection and security to your family/household by visiting our website today.

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